Elizabeth Boepple – BCM Environmental Land Law

With her focus on farm and food law, Beth is a staunch supporter of the local food system across New England. She has been a champion of the Legal Food Hub since its launch in Maine in 2014. She serves her clients with a wealth of knowledge garnered from years of experience working with clients in farming and food production throughout New Hampshire, Maine, and Vermont. Beth’s broad expertise in real estate, land use, corporate, and commercial and banking law has been a great asset to the Legal Food Hub. After taking on one of Maine’s first Hub cases in 2014, Beth has been assisting participants since then on a range of issues. Beth, we can’t thank you enough for your dedication to your clients, farm and food law, and the Legal Food Hub!


Josh Fox – WilmerHale

Josh has been a tremendous partner of the Legal Food Hub in Massachusetts, generously volunteering his valuable time to ensure that farms, food businesses, and nonprofits have the legal advice they need to thrive. As a partner in corporate law at WilmerHale, he has expertise in representing companies throughout the stages of their lifecycle. His experience counseling entrepreneurs on the formation of their businesses is particularly helpful to the Legal Food Hub’s many new enterprises that seek help getting started.

In addition to directly serving Legal Food Hub participants, Josh has helped place many more cases as the pro bono coordinator for his firm. He has provided invaluable advice to the Legal Food Hub coordinators on a variety of topics. Thank you, Josh, for all of your hard work supporting local food systems in Massachusetts!

Stonington Kelp Co. Formalizes its Business Structure

About: Suzie Flores and James Douglas operate Stonington Kelp Co., a kelp farm located in Pawcatuck, Connecticut, on Long Island Sound. They started the kelp farm in 2017, leasing their site from the State of Connecticut as participants in a local, innovative sustainable-aquaculture incubation program. Kelp, a zero-input crop, requires no fresh water or fertilizer. It also absorbs carbon dioxide, helping to mitigate ocean acidification. Stonington Kelp Co. spans about ten acres, with three acres in production.

Legal Need: Suzie and James planned on selling their first crop – about five tons of fresh kelp –  to a wholesaler. To prepare for this, they wanted to formalize their business structure, then determine whether they needed to modify their aquaculture site’s lease with the State.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub matched Suzie and James with attorneys Robert Day and Bill Rock of Shipman & Goodwin, who were able to leverage their collective experience in business and real estate law to assist Stonington Kelp.

Maine Farmers’ Markets Seeks Nonprofit Status & Trademark Protection

About: The Maine Federation of Farmers’ Markets (MFFM) is a grassroots farmer-focused nonprofit that serves as a hub and resource for farmers’ markets in Maine. Founded in 1991 as an all-volunteer organization, MFFM hired its first full-time staffer in 2011. They aim to cultivate a sustainable farmers’ market community by working with farmers, consumers, and communities to make wholesome, locally grown foods available to all residents.

Legal Need: MFFM sought assistance with filing for 501(c)(3) nonprofit status. In addition, MFFM wished to file for trademark protection.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub matched MFFM with attorneys David B. McConnell (Perkins Thompson) and Kenleigh Nicolletta (Brann & Isaacson). David utilized his expertise in intellectual property law to assist MFFM with its trademark issues, while Kenleigh brought experience assisting nonprofits to qualify for tax-exempt status.

Crooked Face Creamery Protects Intellectual Property as it Grows

About: Born to a milk-making family, Amy Rowbottom makes artisanal cheeses at her company, Crooked Face Creamery. Based in Norridgewock, Maine, the creamery’s signature cheese is her cold-smoked Applewood Smoked Ricotta. Amy sells her award-winning cheeses, which are made with limited ingredients and without preservatives, at farmers’ markets, specialty shops, and farm-to-table restaurants across Maine.

Legal Need: As the business has grown – the creamery now has about 40 wholesale accounts in Maine, as well as two distributors – Amy sought legal help in protecting her products and her brand.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub matched Amy with attorney David B. McConnell of Perkins Thompson. David has an active practice in trademark and copyright issues and brings a wealth of knowledge to assist Crooked Face Creamery with its intellectual property needs.

Fresh Food Generation Secures Investment Funds

AboutFresh Food Generation is a Boston-based farm-to-plate food truck and catering company that serves healthy, affordable prepared food inspired by Latin and Caribbean cuisine across Boston. In addition to its food truck and catering business, Fresh Food Generation also boasts a café located at a community health center in Dorchester. The company is dedicated to serving low-income neighborhoods, and co-founders Cassandria Campbell and Jackson Renshaw take a local approach to the business by hiring from the communities served by the food truck and sourcing ingredients from local suppliers.

Legal NeedPoised to receive sizeable investments, Cassandria and Jackson sought assistance in reviewing and negotiating the terms of the investment agreements.

LawyerThe Legal Food Hub matched Cassandria and Jackson with Josh Fox at WilmerHale. The Legal Food Hub had previously matched Fresh Food Generation with Josh to create an operating agreement and advise regarding a term sheet for a possible investment. With his strong background in advising entrepreneurs and startups, Josh has been able to assist Fresh Food Generation with its legal needs.

Freedom Food Farm Finds Stability

About: Freedom Food Farm is an 88-acre organic-certified farm in Raynham, Massachusetts, that produces a wide variety of produce, herbs, eggs, grains, honey, and pasture-raised meat. Chuck Currie and Marie Kaziunas started the farm in 2012, and they strive to provide nutritious food using holistic practices such as cover-cropping and field rotation. Freedom Food Farm has a CSA and sells at farmers’ markets around the region.

Legal NeedChuck and Marie sought legal assistance through the Legal Food Hub when the land they leased was sold to new owners. They wanted assistance in reviewing and negotiating the terms of the new operating agreement to ensure the farm would have a smooth transition.

LawyerThe Legal Food Hub matched Chuck and Marie with attorneys Jasmine Haddad and Robert Burke of WilmerHale. Both Jasmine and Robert are experienced in business law, making them well-positioned to help with advising regarding an operating agreement that will provide stability for the farm’s future.

Calf & Clover Creamery Transitions to New Ownership

About: Jeff Casel is taking over Stone Wall Dairy Farm in Cornwall, Connecticut, through a lease-to-own agreement. The farm, which Jeff renamed Calf & Clover Creamery, produces raw milk, eggs, and vegetables without antibiotics, synthetic hormones, or pesticides. In the future, Jeff wants to expand his dairy production to include yogurt, chocolate milk, and ice cream.

Legal Need: Jeff wanted to enter into a lease-to-own agreement with a farmland investor, who planned to purchase the currently operating dairy farm and then lease it to Jeff. The structure of the transaction would allow the current farmer to get a retirement income and would keep the farmland in production as Jeff smoothly transitions to ownership.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub matched Jeff with attorney Brian Fischer. With Brian’s experience in financing transactions, he was the perfect fit to help Jeff become a farm owner.

All Farmers Seeks Fiscal Sponsorship

AboutAll Farmers supports autonomous groups of refugee and immigrant farmers in western Massachusetts in accessing land, training, and resources. The organization’s work supports over 60 families’ ability to farm; half of what the farmers grow feeds their families directly. All Farmers understands the barriers immigrant and refugee farmers face, including structural racism, language and cultural barriers, and limited financial resources. The organization works to ensure the farmers can succeed despite these challenges.

Legal Need: All Farmers sought fiscal sponsorship from an existing nonprofit organization. Fiscal sponsorship can provide an opportunity for newly formed nonprofits to apply for grants and benefit from the sponsor’s administrative capacity without going through the lengthy and difficult process of gaining 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub matched All Farmers with attorney Sarah McGarrell at Pierce Atwood. Sarah’s experience organizing businesses and charitable organizations and her strong interest in supporting a vibrant local food system made her the perfect fit to assist All Farmers.

Bootblack Brand Changes Business Structure

About: Bootblack Brand in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, makes and sells small-batch cocktail and soda simple syrups. Paul Kubiski and Jackie Duhamel built the business on the premise that they do not eat or drink anything inferior. To meet that standard, Bootblack Brand creates complex syrups using natural ingredients, including fresh produce, herbs, and spices. Flavors include Ginger Cardamom Lime, Classic Citrus Tonic, Traditional Old Fashioned and Cranberry Jalapeño Lime which recently won a Yankee Magazine Food Award for 2018.

Legal Need: Paul and Jackie sought legal assistance converting the food business from a sole proprietorship to a member-managed LLC. With several distributor contracts lined up, they needed to make the change prior to signing the new contracts.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub connected Bootblack Brand with attorney Nicole Matteo at Pierce Atwood, who was able to resolve the matter quickly so Paul and Jackie could keep their business moving forward.

Sowbelly Butchery Forms an LLC

About: Logan Higger is a beginning farmer and butcher who recently purchased a 200-year-old farm in Jefferson, Maine. He has started to raise animals including pigs, chickens, and sheep on the property. He processes his livestock into culinary meats and sells it through his butchery business, Sowbelly Butchery, at local farmers’ markets. Logan also hosts butchery workshops throughout Maine. He hopes to develop more educational programs and wholesale availability on the farm.

 Legal IssueLogan sought legal assistance with entity formation for the farm.

Lawyer: The Legal Food Hub matched Sowbelly Butchery with attorney Ian Green of Perkins Thompson. Ian brought a particular focus on offering practical legal advice to businesses. He was able to help Logan form an LLC for the farm, designate ownership of the LLC’s property, and create waivers necessary to host workshops. Logan found Ian to be an invaluable resource in starting his small business.

Conservation Law Foundation’s Legal Food Hub and Harvard Law Food Law and Policy Clinic Comment on FDA Guidance for the Produce Safety Rules

By Mary Rose Scozzafava

Do you wonder, as a New England farmer, how the new U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Produce Safety Rule applies to you? Have you read the Rule, but thought that it didn’t cover the situations on your farm?  Conservation Law Foundation’s (CLF) Legal Food Hub and Harvard Law School’s Food Law and Policy Clinic (FLPC) are speaking up to ensure that the regulations work for New England farmers.

A Voice for New England’s Sustainable Agriculture

New England agriculture is made up of mostly small, diversified farms. Farmers grow and sell a variety of products and engage in many different farming activities, including raising livestock. New England farmers also employ organic farming practices at a higher rate than other regions of the United States.  So, New England farm operations tend to be smaller in acreage, yet more complex than larger operations.

With our local understanding of the unique characteristics of New England’s farm sector, CLF’s Legal Food Hub and Harvard Law School’s FLPC took a look at how new guidance for produce safety will affect our New England farms.  We want to be sure the rule works for farmers here in our region.

New Produce Safety Requirements under FSMA

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) was signed into law in 2011 and required the FDA to write new regulations to create standards for produce safety, called the Produce Safety Rule.  The Produce Safety Rule went into effect on January 26, 2016. The Rule established new standards for the growing, harvesting, packing, and holding of produce for human consumption. Compliance is phased in over a several-year period starting January 2018. This is the first time that farms have had to follow federal food safety regulations.

The FDA recently released a draft guidance on the Produce Safety Rule, which is intended to assist farmers in understanding and implementing the Rule.  The guidance provides a broad range of recommendations on how to meet the requirements of the Rule and some real-life examples. For example, it outlines how to determine whether produce or farms may be eligible for exemptions from certain requirements of the Rule.  However, the guidance is not yet final, and the public was invited to provide comments on how to improve it.

CLF and FLPC Comments Address Needs of New England Farmers

In partnership with FLPC, CLF submitted comments on the Produce Safety Rules draft guidance.  Our comments focused on the impact of the Produce Safety Rule on the small, diversified and sustainable farm practices common to New England.

We made recommendations to make the rules clearer and make implementation easier for New England farmers. For example, our comments requested clearer guidance for gleaners who harvest food from farms for donation. We also recommended that gleaning activities be exempt from the Produce Safety Rule.  In addition, our comments requested more clarification on the status of specific biological soil amendments, including worm castings and vermicomposting, foliar fertilizer, and agricultural tea.

The full comments submitted to the FDA can be viewed here.

The Legal Food Hub is working to help farmers understand how to comply with new requirements under FSMA. Check out a recent webinar on the Produce Safety Rule here.

Legal Food Hub Wraps Up Winter Webinar Series

By Lauren Moore


For busy and hardworking small farmers and food entrepreneurs, even a full twenty-four hours in a day is often too short to finish all the tasks that must get done to keep a farm or business running smoothly. It can be especially difficult to find the time and money to address the array of complicated legal issues that farmers and food entrepreneurs often face, such as protecting a business name or complying with food safety rules.

The Legal Food Hub understands how hard folks in our local food system are working to provide local produce and food products across New England. In response, we have been expanding our educational offerings to provide farmers and food entrepreneurs with practical information and resources for both identifying and dealing with common legal issues.

As part of this initiative, we recently held a Winter Webinar Series to demystify some key legal issues for farmers and food entrepreneurs. Topics covered ranged from how to manage student loan debt to how to pay farm employees. Here’s a roundup of the webinars:

  • Words Matter: Protecting Your Trademarks and Copyrights: Presented by Mary Rose Scozzafava, a Senior Fellow at CLF and former Partner at WilmerHale, this webinar walks you through how to choose and register your business name as a trademark and provides tips on avoiding pitfalls and protecting your market brand. Watch the webinar here.
  • Entity Governance for Non-Profits: Developed by the Transactional Law Clinics of Harvard Law School, this webinar explores key legal considerations and best practices for non-profit and charitable organizations. Watch the webinar here.
  • Selected Topics from the FSMA Produce Safety Rule: Presented by attorney Sumana Chintapalli, and Lori Pivarnik from the University of Rhode Island, this webinar provides a brief discussion of portions of the Food Safety Modernization Act Product Safety Rule that are particularly relevant to farmers and food businesses. Watch the webinar here.
  • Legal Considerations of Agricultural Easements: Presented by Beth Boepple of BCM Environment and Land Law, this webinar discusses key legal issues related to agricultural easements that farmers and other landowners may encounter. Watch the webinar here.
  • Employment Law for Farmers in Rhode Island: Presented by Erica Kyzmir-McKeon, a Senior Fellow and attorney at CLF, and attorney Gina A. DiCenso, this webinar provides an overview of common employment law issues, including how farmers must pay their employees, what time off employees are entitled to, and the legal distinctions between unpaid interns, registered apprentices, and volunteers. Watch the webinar here.
  • Student Loan Basics for Farmers: Presented by Erica Kyzmir-McKeon, CLF Senior Fellow and attorney, and Deanne Loonin, attorney with the Project on Predatory Student Lending at the Legal Services Center of Harvard Law School, this webinar discusses the different types of student loans and how borrowers can deal with them. Topics include managing repayment, avoiding or getting out of loan default, and loan cancellation. Watch the webinar here.

As farmers start their growing season, the team at the Legal Food Hub will keep working to help farmers and food entrepreneurs flourish by providing the tools to identify and address legal issues. If you’re a farmer or food entrepreneur with a legal question or problem, we encourage you to reach out to us at legalfoodhub@clf.org or 1-844-LAW-GROW. Together, we can build a more resilient local food system.

Advisory: Change in MA overtime pay for agricultural work

Massachusetts Overtime Exemptions – What You Need to Know

If you’re a farmer hiring employees in Massachusetts, navigating the rules of the road can be challenging. This blog post highlights a recent court ruling in the Commonwealth that could affect when farmers pay their workers overtime.

Overtime laws require employers to pay one and a half times the regular pay rates when an employee works more than forty hours in a week. Both the federal and state overtime laws include exemptions to this requirement for certain types of work.

The Massachusetts overtime laws include an exemption for agricultural and farming workers. However, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court recently decided a case that affects what is considered agricultural and farming work.

In the case of Arias-Villano v. Chang & Sons Enterprises, Inc., the highest Massachusetts court determined that the agricultural exemption only applies to a very narrow type of agricultural work – the planting, raising, and harvesting of crops. The exemption does not apply to post-harvest activities, for example cleaning, sorting, and packaging produce, even if related to the farming operations.

Federal Overtime Exemption

The federal overtime exemption for agricultural workers is less restrictive than the Massachusetts exemption. However, the Court in Arias-Villano compared the federal definition of agriculture with the Massachusetts definition. Employers in Massachusetts are required to fulfill the requirements of the Massachusetts overtime requirements; the federal requirements are provided as a basis for the more restrictive definition used in Massachusetts.

The federal Fair Labor Standards Act includes an exemption to the overtime pay requirements for agricultural workers, but agricultural work is defined to include both farming activities, including growing and harvesting crops, and certain post-harvest activities, including preparation for sale.

Specifically, the exemption includes “farming in all its branches … and any practices … performed by a farmer or on a farm as an incident to or in conjunction with such farming operations.” (FLSA Sec. 203(f)).

Work that is simply in conjunction with a farming operation qualifies for the agricultural overtime exemption, including post-harvest packing, sorting, and transportation. Food manufacturing, however, is not qualified for this exemption. (https://www.dol.gov/agencies/whd/fact-sheets/12-flsa-agriculture)

Massachusetts Overtime Exemption

In contrast to the federal agricultural exemption, the Massachusetts overtime exemption defines agriculture as “labor on a farm and the growing and harvesting of agricultural, floricultural, and horticultural commodities.” (M.G.L. c. 151, §2).

The definition of agriculture under the Massachusetts overtime exemption does not include post-harvest activities, nor does it allow for the exemption of work that is incidental to farming operations, unlike the federal exemption.

Arias-Villano and What’s Changed

In Arias-Villano, a group of employees who worked at a bean sprout company sued for overtime pay. The company grows, harvests, packages, and distributes bean sprouts in a hydroponic operation. These employees were responsible for cleaning, sorting, weighing, and packaging the sprouts and cleaning the facility, but were not responsible for growing or harvesting the sprouts. The employer claimed that overtime pay was not applicable because the company was engaged in agricultural and farming activities.

However, the Court determined that the responsibilities of these employees (cleaning, sorting, weighing, and packaging sprouts) were not agricultural and farming activities under the Massachusetts overtime law. The Court determined that Massachusetts had intended to adopt a narrow exemption, and intentionally modified the definition of agriculture from that used in the federal statute.

So, after this decision, if an employee is engaged in post-harvest activities and is working more than forty hours per week, the employee must be paid overtime wages under the Massachusetts overtime laws. Activities such as the harvesting of crops, planting of seeds, and maintenance of a field would be considered exempt activities under the Massachusetts exemption. However, activities that are post-harvest, including cleaning, grading, sorting, packaging, and transporting agricultural commodities would not be exempted, and the employer would be required to pay the overtime rate.

The Court and the Massachusetts Department of Labor Standards have not addressed if overtime must be paid if an employee works both in growing and harvesting (exempted) activities, as well as post-harvest (non-exempted) activities.

If you’re a farmer hiring workers in Massachusetts and you need help figuring out how employment laws apply to your operation, contact the Legal Food Hub at www.legalfoodhub.org and check out our employment law resources here.

See how other states are dealing with Agricultural Employment Law:

New York may join 4 states requiring farmworker overtime pay

Requiring overtime on New York farms would raise labor costs 17%

Agriculture reacts to California’s new overtime laws

Lawsuit seeks to extend overtime pay for Washington farm workers

Liz Sharpe JD Candidate, 2020, Seton Hall University

Portland Press Herald Honors Legal Food Hub with Award

The Portland Press Herald announced that the Legal Food Hub is a 2019 winner of a Source Maine Sustainability Award. The Herald highlighted the work that Dave McConnell of Portland law firm Perkins Thompson performed for Crooked Face Creamery. The creamery’s owner, Amy Rowbottom, successfully trademarked her business’ name and logo with McConnell’s assistance.

You can read the full story here.

New Food Economy and Civil Eats Profile Legal Food Hub’s Impact

New Food Economy reported on the positive impact that the Legal Food Hub’s pro bono attorneys are having on farmers and food entrepreneurs in New England. Read the full story–including profiles of some of our great farmers, food businesses, and lawyers–here.

Civil Eats also addressed the role of lawyers in supporting farmers and the local food system. You can read the story here.

Legal Food Hub & Hogan Lovells Food Safety Webinars Available Online

The Legal Food Hub and Hogan Lovells teamed up in October to bring Hub participants and attorneys an update about the much-anticipated federal food safety rules. Joe Levitt, a partner at Hogan Lovells and a former director of FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, and Elizabeth Fawell, counsel at Hogan Lovells, presented on two webinars detailing what food entrepreneurs and farmers should expect. The first webinar covered the Preventive Controls rule, which applies to most facilities that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food. The second webinar discussed the Produce Safety rule, which establishes standards for safe growing, harvesting, packing, and holding of fruits and vegetables. The webinars introduced the rules, the timeline for implementation, and exemptions that may be relevant to New England farmers and food entrepreneurs.

If you missed the webinars, you can watch them online anytime. Simply click the links below, follow the prompts to register, and you’ll be able to access the presentations.

Watch the webinars here:

Farm Fresh Rhode Island Receives Assistance with Labor and Employment Policies

About: Farm Fresh Rhode Island is a non-profit 501(c)3 founded in 2004. The organization’s mission is to grow a local food system that values the environment, health, and quality of life for farmers and eaters of Rhode Island.  Goals include, preserving Rhode Island farmland, building healthier communities, strengthening RI community-based businesses, increasing access to fresh food, and improving the impact of food production and distribution on the environment.  Their programming ranges across areas, from access, to education, and distribution, and includes: farmers markets, market mobile produce aggregator and distribution system, Harvest Kitchen providing training and employment for youth from DCYF’s Juvenile Justice Corrections Services, bonus bucks SNAP incentives, Veggie Box subscriptions, farm to school programming, education and access programming for low-income seniors. Farm Fresh is an integral component of the Rhode Island food system.

Legal Issue: Farm Fresh came to the Legal Food Hub seeking legal assistance to review labor and employment policies and practices and ensure that they are up to speed on future expected changes in the law.

The Relationship: The Legal Food Hub connected Farm Fresh RI with labor and employment attorneys at Nixon Peabody to provide guidance as Farm Fresh RI works on updating employee handbooks and makes plans for its future practices.  Nixon Peabody’s Rhode Island office has special expertise in employment law, so it was a perfect fit, ensuring that Farm Fresh, an important organization supporting Rhode Island’s food system, receives the legal support it needs.

Simmons Farm Expands Offerings and Limits Liability with Waiver

About: Simmons Farm is a 120 acre family farm in Middletown, RI, specializing in traditional and heirloom produce, meat, dairy, eggs, cheese, and hay. The farm has passed down within the Simmons family through several generations and for the past twenty years has been run by Karla and Bryan Simmons.

Legal Issue: Karla and Bryan came to the Legal Food Hub looking for legal assistance to help them add a feature to their customers’ experiences. They hope to open the farm for nature walks and picnics, and sought assistance of an attorney to create a liability waiver to present participants who sign up for these additional activities.

The Relationship:  The Legal Food Hub matched Karla and Bryan with attorney Kristen Whittle from Barton Gilman’s Rhode Island office.  Kristen has extensive experience in insurance related matters and brings a wealth of knowledge to her work with Simmons Farm, helping them to grow their business and supporting a farm that is part of our Rhode Island food system.

Lost Art Obtains Trademark and Ensures Business Structure is Complete

About: Kaylyn Keane, owner of Lost Art Cultured Foods LLC, produces and sells wholesale fermented vegetables, including sauerkraut and pickles.  Launching her business in November 2015, Kaylyn uses the shared kitchen space provided by culinary incubator Hope & Main, located in Warren, Rhode Island. Lost Art Cultured Foods sells to local markets and local retailers.

Legal Need: Kaylyn needed trademark advice for her logo as well as assistance ensuring her LLC filing (done online) was completed properly.

The Relationship: The Legal Food Hub matched Kaylyn with the Business Law Legal Clinic at Roger Williams University School of Law.  The Clinic was a great fit for Kaylyn as students seek to get exposure to a range of issues that arise for new businesses.  The students were able to hone their skills and gain experience,  and Kaylyn was able to access the legal assistance necessary to take her food business to the next level.

Earth Care Farm Transitions to Next Generation

About: Jayne Merner-Senecal runs her family’s farm, Earth Care Farm, located in Charlestown, RI and plans to take over ownership of the farm in the future.  Earth Care Farm was started by Jayne’s father, Mike Merner, forty years ago and has a diversified production of produce, meat, and compost.  They use organic practices though they are not organic certified (fun fact: Mike Merner wrote the original organic standards for Rhode Island).

Legal Need: Jayne and Mike sought legal assistance to better understand how best to transition the farm to Jayne from a tax and estate planning standpoint.  They also wanted guidance on when best to make this transfer and help determining the optimal relationship between the farm business LLC and the land.

The Relationship: The Legal Food Hub matched Jayne and Mike with attorney Deb Foppert of Archer & Foppert.  Deb and her partner specialize in tax planning, small business and corporate work, estate planning, and real estate. Through their work with  Archer & Foppert, Jayne and Mike were able to make a succession plan suited for their needs.

Cassie Seawell Secures Lease for 200 Acres

About: Cassie Seawell and her partner Michael Saucier have both worked on farms and are eager to start their own. Cassie and Michael identified 200 acres in Washington, ME that is ideal for their future vegetable and animal production.

Legal Need: Cassie reached out to the Legal Food Hub for assistance with reviewing and negotiating a lease. Cassie also wondered whether there should be two leases- one for the farmhouse and another for the farmland.

The Relationship: The Legal Food Hub matched Cassie with attorney Tom Kelly of Robinson, Kriger & McCallum. Tom specializes in real estate and helped Cassie and Michael redraft a lease that will allow their nascent farm, Leaf & Caul, to thrive.

Waltham Fields Community Farm Prepares for New Overtime Law

About: Waltham Fields Community Farm is a 501(c)(3) organization dedicated to promoting local agriculture and hunger relief through farmland preservation and education. WFCF practices socially, ecologically, and economically sustainable agriculture and provides farming, cooking, and science-based programs for children and adults alike. With a goal of distributing $80,000 worth of fresh produce in 2017 through emergency food programs, subsidized CSA shares, farm-to-school distribution, and the Waltham Fields Outreach Market, WFCF explicitly seeks to provide low-income and disadvantaged communities with fresh, nutritious, and sustainably-produced foods.

Legal Need: As both a farm and a non-profit, Waltham Fields Community Farm has a unique mix of employees. Shannon Taylor, WFCF’s Executive Director, sought legal assistance through the Legal Food Hub to understand the new overtime law requirements, particularly with deciphering what category certain employees fall into.

Lawyer: Legal Food Hub connected WFCF with Mary “Beth” O’Neal and Kathleen O’Toole at Conn Kavanaugh, who each specialize in employment law. Mary and Kate successfully prepared WFCF to comply with the new law.